The advent of hair transplant treatment has made the problem of baldness or hair loss become a thing of the past. Patients suffering from this medical condition now have the opportunity to treat and reverse their condition to status quo with the use of more advanced clinical surgeries or procedures. There are also some medications which are designed to take care of a variety of health conditions, but they sometimes are known to have unnecessary side effects on the patient. This just means that certain drugs, whether prescribed or off- the – shelf can practically contribute to excess hair loss in patients. However, an amazing number of clinical drugs are said to cite hair loss as potential side effects after the hair transplant treatment.
Some of these drugs are listed below by the medical condition in which they are prescribed or recommended:
1. Propecia DHT-induced conditions, a drug prescribed for hair loss and which is known to increase the risk for prostate cancer and sexual side effects.
2. Proscar, belongs to a class of clinical drugs which is called 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors, used to treat health conditions stimulated by dihydrotestosterone , a potent hormone created from testosterone by the body.
3. Minoxidil, Minoxidil is an over-the-counter liquid or foam that you rub into your scalp twice a day to grow hair and to prevent further hair loss. It may be used by men and women.
4. Finasteride (Propecia)
On the other hand, the male-pattern baldness for instance isn’t usually treated completely, even as the hair transplant treatments available for it are high-priced and don’t always work for everyone. However, other clinical drug biologics such as Etanercept (Enbrel) or Adalimumab (Humira) meant to treat hair loss are practically said to have potential hair loss as their side effects.
Even as the Stem Cell Research for hair transplant treatment brings hope to man, this method has clinically been proven to have many side effects. Side effects include skin irritation and the growth of unwanted hair on the body.In most people who are known to be genetically predisposed to the male pattern baldness, Propecia and Proscar, have DHT binding to the receptors in hair follicles which are located at the top of the scalp. So when the DHT hormone eventually begins to act on these hair follicles on the scalp, they practically shrink and gradually lose the capacity to develop thick and healthy hair. As a result of this administration, the patient’s hairline begins to thin and then recedes. However, it must be noted that the hair follicles located on both the back and side of the head are genetically known to be resistant to DHT, which further explains the familiar pattern observed in male baldness. The most common side effects associated with the Propecia drug administration includes:
Allergic reactions which includes rashes, itching, swelling in the lips and face regions
Breast enlargement and tenderness
Poor quality of semen
Male breast cancer
So clinical medications meant for the continuous treatment after a hair transplant can invariably lead to two kinds of hair loss in patients:
1. Telogen Effluvium, is the most familiar form of drug-induced hair loss. Appears within 2 (two) to 4 (four) months after the drug has been administered. This condition basically results to the hair follicles going into their resting phase and then flake out too early. So between 100 and 150 hairs a day get shed in people at telogen phase.
2. Anagen Effluvium is hair loss that occurs during the hairs anagen phase in which the hairs are actively growing and It prevents the matrix cells responsible for producing new hairs, from dividing at a normal rate. So this type of hair loss is usually known to occur within a few days or weeks after administering medications.
Finally, these clinical drugs administered after a hair transplant have been known to cause hair loss by simply interfering with the normal cycle of the scalps hair growth. So during the anagen phase of treatment, which practically lasts for approximately 2 (two) to 6 (six) years, the hair virtually grows well. On the other hand, during the telogen phase of the treatment, which invariably lasts for about 3 (three) months, the hair practically rests, as it flakes and is replaced by new health, fluffy hair. Drug-induced hair loss like any other prevalent hair loss can have a very actual effect on a patient’s self-esteem and confidence, but then, the good side to this is that in most prevalent cases, it is reversible once administration of the drug is stopped.